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The Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda is an armed rebel group active in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. An ethnic Hutu group opposed to the ethnic Tutsi influence, the FDLR is one .. Allied Democratic Forces (ADF); Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA); Nationalist and Integrationist Front ( FNI). The Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) is the largest illegal The Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) is a Ugandan rebel group currently based The National Liberation Forces (FNL) is a Burundian rebel group originally. processing industries and consumers of mineral products originating in Congo, and specifically demanded that the FDLR, LRA, FNL, Allied Democratic Forces.

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According to the U. National Counterterrorism Center, the FDLR is believed to be responsible for about a dozen terrorist attacks committed in Gerard Prunier presents a different picture to the ICG’s assessment.

They were the ones that fought around PepaMobaand Pweto in late Still untried in combat, they had been trained by the Zimbabweans and were a small, fully equipped conventional army. It is not clear which if either of these two accounts is correct. The ALiR is currently listed on the U. Department of State’s Terrorist Exclusion List as a terrorist organization.

At this time it was thought to have between 15, and 20, members. Even after the official end of the Second Congo War inFDLR units continued to attack Tutsi forces both in eastern DRC and across the border into Rwanda, vastly increasing tensions in the region and raising the possibility of another Rwandan offensive into the DRC — what would be their third since In mid, a number of attacks forced 25, Congolese to flee their homes.

Following several days of talks with Congolese government representatives, the FDLR announced on 31 March that they were abandoning their armed struggle and returning to Rwanda as a political party.

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The talks held in RomeItaly were mediated by Sant’Egidio.

Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda

The Rwandan government stated that any returning genocidaires would face justice, most probably through the gacaca court system. It was stated that if all of the FDLR commanders, who are believed to control about 10, militants, disarmed and returned, a key source of cross-border tensions would be removed. Under an agreement reached in August, the rebels had pledged to leave Congo by September In August fn, the Congolese military announced that it was ending a seven-month offensive against the FDLR, prompting a sharp rebuke by the government of Cnl.

Prior to this, Gen.

In October the International Crisis Group said that the group’s military forces had dropped from an estimated 15, in to 6—7, then, organised into four battalions and a reserve brigade in North Kivu and four battalions in South Kivu.

It also said that ‘about the same number’ of Rwandan citizens, family members of combatants, and unrelated refugees remained behind FDLR lines in separate communities. The Group further commented that “The attack at Busurungi on 10 May was conducted in clear violation of international human rights law and international humanitarian law.

The systematic nature of attacks by the FDLR against the civilian population at Busurungi suggests that they could qualify as crimes against humanity. Reportedly, the attacks were also perpetrated by the Special Company under the command of Capt Mugisha Vainquer. Some information received by the Group indicated that the operation was supported by an FDLR commando unit.

The FDLR had attacked several other villages in the preceding weeks and clashes occurred between FDLR forces and the Congolese Army, during which government forces are reported to have lost men killed and wounded. The website is now hosted by the Italian provider Register. United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moonwho had made protecting civilians and combating sexual violence central themes of his presidency, was reported to be outraged by the attack. Atul Khare, deputy head of the U. Earlier Wallstrom was quoted as saying that this withdrawal would make the struggle against sexual violence in the region significantly more difficult.

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Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda – Wikipedia

The trial for Murwanashyaka and Musoni began on May 4, before the Oberlandesgericht lrz Stuttgart. Their trial is the first to be held in Germany for crimes against this law. The Court’s judges state that there are reasonable lda to believe that Mbarushimana bears criminal responsibility for these attacks, including murder, torture, rape, persecution and inhumane acts. The warrant alleges that Mbarushimana was part of a plan to create a humanitarian catastrophe to extract concessions of political power for the FDLR.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Office of the Director of National Intelligence. Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism. Retrieved 16 April Archived from the original on Retrieved 14 May Retrieved 24 August Retrieved 19 November Ignace Murwanashyaka and Straton Musoni tried”. Oberlandesgericht Stuttgart dnl German.

Armed groups in the First and Second Congo Wars. Alliances sometimes changed dramatically over the course of the wars.

The Foreign Armed Groups

Some groups may be associated with multiple, ostensibly opposed factions. Retrieved pra ” https: Archived copy as title Wikipedia articles in need of updating fvlr August All Wikipedia articles in need of updating Pages using deprecated image syntax War faction articles using ambiguous parameters Articles containing French-language text.

Views Read Edit View history. This page was last edited on 9 Septemberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Kibua civilian and Kalonge military.

Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Army for the Liberation of Rwanda.