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RELAY SPAD C. REPSPADC. Product ID. REPSPADC. ABB Type Designation. DIFFERENT. RELAY SPAD C. Catalog Description. ABB’s Distribution Automation system and Design. The generator protection relays SPAG B and SPAG .. Manual “Generator protection relay SPAG ” . High Impedance Protection Relay SPAE [Limited] (11); SPAD [Limited] (7) Manual. Life cycle services, Full support from start to finish.

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Effect of plantain Musa paradisiaca L. Dominico Harton peel flour as binder in frankfurter-type sausage. Directory of Open Access Journals Sweden. Dominico Harton peel have functional properties, which made them suitable for use as a food ingredient. The aim of this research was to evaluate plantain peel flour PPF as a binder in the production of frankfurter- type sausage. ABB is the management of warehouses that are susceptible to manipulation of data, methods of work are still very manual such as recording a spare part only handwritten by the warehouse, frequent loss of spare parts in the warehouse, the bon false, and the lack of supervision instruments for oversee the spare parts in the warehouse.

To overcome these problems, then made improvements through the implementation of warehouse management information system. Improvements in the form of procurement supervision instruments using the application PHP7 and MySQL, because the existence of the application makes it easy to keep an eye on spare parts in the warehouse, ranging from spare part comes sppad, spare part out, anyone who requests a part, stock of spare parts of existing in the warehouse, stock outs are used to help finance the manufacture purchase order, reports the spare parts that go into the warehouse of the supplier and request a report part.

Not only is it a system of warehousing information msnual facilitate in making purchase order finance and carry out the approval of the request part of the user. Thus the system becomes more transparent. ABB honoured in Estonia. ABB high burnup fuel. An excellent fuel reliability track record has been established.

Thermal margin improving features and advanced burnable absorber concepts enable the utilities to adopt demanding duty cycles to meet new majual objectives. In particular we note the excellent reliability record of ABB PWR fuel equipped with Guardian TM debris filter proven to meet the 6 rod-cycles fuel manuap goal, and the out-standing operating record of the SVEA 10 x 10 fuel, where ABB is the only vendor to date with batch anb to high burnup.

Manaul ‘s development and fuel follow-up activities are performed in close co-operation with mankal utility customers. This paper provides an overview of recent fuel performance and reliability experience at ABB.

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Karibale Monthan ABB group using transformed banana cells. WRKY transcription factor proteins play significant mannual in plant stress responses. Karibale Monthan ABB group. MusaWRKY71, initially identified using in silico approaches from an abiotic stress-related EST library, was later extended towards the 3′ end using rapid amplification of cDNA ends technique.

The bp long 5′ proximal region determined using thermal asymmetric interlaced-polymerase chain reaction has many putative cis-acting elements and transcription factor binding motifs. Subcellular localization assay of MusaWRKY71 performed using a GFP-fusion platform confirmed its nuclear targeting in transformed banana suspension cells.

Importantly, MusaWRKY71 expression in banana plantlets was up-regulated manifold by cold, dehydration, salt, ABA, H2O2, ethylene, salicylic acid and methyl jasmonate treatment indicating its involvement in response to a variety of stress conditions in banana. Further, transient overexpression of MusaWRKY71 in transformed banana cells led to the induction of several genes, homologues of which have been proven ab be involved in diverse stress responses in other important plants. The present study is the first report on characterization of a banana stress-related manula factor using transformed banana cells.

ABB wet flue gas desulfurization. The wet limestone process for flue gas desulfurization FGD is outlined. The following topics are discussed: The transient capabilities at ABB -Combustion Engineering ABB -CE Nuclear Power are a function of the computer hardware and related network used, the computer software that has evolved over the years, and the commercial technical exchange agreements with other related manula and customers. ABB and the global market. Competing in a global environment implies that the authors previous business environment has been less than global, and there are indeed changes underway that lead to a more universal environment.


But, there are still differences between regions and especially between the mature economies in the OECD countries and the rapidly developing countries, of which a majority are in Asia. Rebuilding after the war and a general growth of the use of electric power required high investments in power systems and caused a booming market for equipment suppliers.

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After a trend break in the beginning of the s to less than 40 GW 10 years later, then slowly increased to about 50 GW today.

At the same time, annual capacity growth in developing countries increased from less than 20 GW to about 50 GW, i. This means that ABB is now passing a cross-over point: And this share will continue to shrink. ABB is now restructuring to fulfill market needs in less developed, developing, and newly industrialized countries. This is the most important change in their global environment is addressed in this article. ABB ‘s development and fuel follow-up activities are performed in close co-operation with its customers.

Corrosion, hydriding and irradiation induced growth of a based materials are important factors for the high burnup performance of PWR fuel. ABB has developed a number of Zr based alloys to meet the need for fuel that enables operation to elevated burnups. The advanced alloys are either used as Duplex or as single component claddings. The Duplex claddings have an inner component of Zircaloy and an outer layer of Zr with small additions of alloying elements. ABB has furthermore improved the dimensional stability of the fuel assembly by developing stiffer and more bow resistant guide tubes while debris related fuel failures have been eliminated from ABB fuel by introducing the Guardian TM grid.

Intermediate flow mixers that improve the thermal hydraulic performance and the dimensional stability of the fuel has also been developed within ABB. Experimental testing of an ABB Master application. A prototype dynamic testing harness for programmable automation systems has been specified and implemented at the Technical Research Centre of Finland VTT.

In order to get experience on the methodology and equipment for the testing of systems important to the safety of nuclear power plants, where the safety and reliability requirements often are very high, two different pilot systems have been tested. The purpose of the testing was not to assess the quality of the pilot system, but to get experience in the testing methodology and find out the further development needs and potentials of the test methodology and equipment.

The operation experience of the six plants of this advanced design has been very good.

In the development of BWR 90 specific changes were introduced to the reference design, to adapt to technological progress, new safety requirements and to achieve cost savings. The thermal power rating of BWR 90 is MWth providing a nominal MWe netslightly higher dim that of the reference plant ABB Atom has taken advantage of margins gained using a new generation of its SVEA fuel to attain this power rating without major design modifications.

The BWR 90 design was completed and offered to the TVO utility in Finland inas one of the contenders for the fifth Finnish nuclear power plant project. Thus, the design is available today for deployment in new plant projects. The work is scheduled for completion in The primary design goal is to develop the BWR as a competitive option for the anticipated revival of the market for new nuclear plants beyond the turn of the century, as well as feeding ideas and inputs to the continuous modernisation efforts at operating plants.

The proceedings of the Status on the standardization and resulting consequences; lightning protection of specific facilities; electrical grounding and potential equalization; lightning research; personal security and protection. In response to this problem, ABB Combustion Engineering began supplying in the late s fuel assemblies with a variety of debris resistant features, including both long-end caps and small flow holes.

CAE fuel assembly designs. Impact of workstations on criticality analyses at ABB combustion engineering. The primary motivation for this change was improved economics of the workstation and maintaining state-of-the-art technology. The Cyber utilized the NOS operating system with a bit word size. The CPU memory size was limited to words of directly addressable memory with an extended words available.


The general behaviour under operation has proven to be very good. ABB and many of their control rod customers have performed extensive inspection programs of control rod behaviour.

However, due to changes in the material properties under fast and thermal neutron irradiation defects may occur in the control rods at high neutron fluences.

Examinations of irradiated control rod materials mamual been performed in hot cell laboratories. Stress, mwnual sensitization and an oxidising environment. Stress may be obtained from boron carbide swelling due to irradiation. Stainless steel may be sensitized to intergranular stress corrosion cracking under irradiation. Normally the reactor environment in a BWR is oxidising. The presentation focuses on findings from hot cell laboratory manuak on irradiated ABB BWR control rods and studies of irradiated control rod materials in the hot cells at PSI.

Apart from physical, mechanical and microstructural examinations, isotope analyses were performed to describe the local isotopic burnup of boron. Consequences such as possible B 4 C washout of a under operation in a ABB BWR, after the occurrence of a crack is discussed based on neutron radiographic examinations of control rods operated with cracks.

The current FRIGG loop with test section and heater rods is described, together with the modifications involved in the FRIGG ’95 project, including the new unique tomographic void measuring system to be installed.

The company has since many years a reputation for high product quality and a well implemented quality assurance system. Since some years a total quality approach is applied. For ABB Atom, total quality means continuous improvement of all business processes keeping the customer in focus. This paper elaborates on the improvement tools used at the ABB Atom Nuclear Fuel Division and gives some detailed information of the experience.

In this new micro CMM, an XYZ stage, which is driven by three piezo-motors in X, Y and Z directions, can achieve the drive resolution of about 1 nm and the stroke of more than 50 mm. In order to reduce the crosstalk among X- Y- and Z-stages, a special mechanical structure, which is called co-planar stage, is introduced. The movement of the stage in each direction is detected by a laser interferometer.

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A contact type of probe is adopted for measurement. The center of the probe ball coincides with the intersection point of the measuring axes of the three laser interferometers.

Therefore, the metrological system of the CMM obeys the Abbe principle in three directions and is free from Abbe error. The CMM is placed in an anti-vibration and thermostatic chamber for avoiding the influence of vibration and temperature fluctuation. The flatness of measuring face of the gauge block is also measured and verified the performance of the developed micro CMM.

Rigorous modelling of light’s intensity angular-profile in Abbe refractometers with absorbing homogeneous fluids. We derive an optical model for the light intensity distribution around the critical angle in a standard Abbe refractometer when used on absorbing homogenous fluids. The model is developed using rigorous electromagnetic optics.

The obtained formula is very simple and can be used suitably in the analysis and design of optical sensors relying on Abbe type refractometry. This paper explores the rhetorical basis of a major paradigm change in meteorology, from a focus on inductive observation to deductive, mathematical reasoning. Analysis of Cleveland Abbe ‘s “The Physical Basis of Long-Range Weather Forecasts” demonstrates how in his advocacy for a new paradigm, Abbe navigates the tension between piety to tradition….

Effect of cassava-starch coatings with ascorbic acidic and N-acetylcysteine on the quality of harton plantain Musa paradisiaca. Full Text Available The effect of coatings was evaluated on the quality ofharton plantain fruits Musa paradisiaca in the postharvest stage. Physicochemical properties were determined at 32days postharvest.